D'varim - Deuteronomy

D'varim "Words" - Devarim 1:1-3:22

Section Verses # of V.
Aliyah  Deu 1:1 - 1:11  
Sheini Deu 1:12 - 1:21  
Sh'lishi Deu 1:22 - 1:38  
Revi'i Deu 1:39 - 2:1  
Chamishi Deu 2:2 - 2:30  
Shishi Deu 2:31 - 3:14  
Shevi'i Deu 3:15 -3:22  
Maftir    

Topics:

Creation

People:

Location:

Timeline:

 

Torah Portion: Devarim 1:1-3:22
Haftarah Portion: Yesha'yahu (Isaiah) 1:1-27
Later Katuvim: John 15:1-11, Hebrews 3:7-4:11

Va'etchanan "I Pleaded" - Devarim 3:23-7:11

Section Verses # of V.
Aliyah  Deu 3:23 - 4:4  
Sheini Deu 4:5 - 4:40  
Sh'lishi Deu 4:41 - 4:49  
Revi'i Deu 5:1 - 5:18  
Chamishi Deu 5:19 - 6:3  
Shishi Deu 6:4 - 6:25  
Shevi'i Deu 7:1 -7:11  
Maftir    

Topics:

Creation

People:

Location:

Timeline:

 

 

Devarim 3:23-7:11
Haftarah Portion: Yesha'yahu (Isaiah) 40:1-26
Later Katuvim: Matthew 4:1-11, 22:33-40
Mark 12:28-34
Luke 4:1-13, 10:25-37
Acts 13:113-43
Romans 3:27-31
I Timothy 2:4-6
James 2:14-26
 

Ki Tavo Deuteronomy 26:1-29:8

In this portion, we are told what we are to do and not to do when we come into the land of Israel from our great journey through the wilderness.  We are given blessings and cursings in these final instructions. 

It is interesting that in giving these things, there is little among them that most of the religious community would object to ( as a matter of moral practice ).  However, when examining Deb 27:26, we find:

Cursed be he who does not maintain all the words of this Torah to do them; And all the people shall say, Amen: {emphasis added}

This means, ALL. Not some, or the ones a person finds convenient, but all.  The Torah constists of 5 books of instruction.  Not a few phrases that might seem to be good ideas.  I remember growing up and hearing parents complain that they never received an instruction manual for raising their children.  Most newly married couples do receive one, they just don’t read it.  Why? Because their pastor or priest told them that it didn’t apply, or was too complicated for them, or that they should leave the study of the Old Testament to them and let them interpret it for them so that they don’t get confused. 

Confused???  How could one not become confused when from the pulpit one hears, “it is nailed to the cross” but the book, on which their beliefs are supposed to be based, says “forever and ever, through out all your generations….”  Of course they would get confused.

As I read through the list of items that one is immediately cursed for, I was amazed at how many of them are in current practice in the western world.  Starting from verse 15 in this chapter and going to then end, I would say that within any given month the news media will have a report of at least one individual breaking at least one of these instructions, and probably more.  Over the course of a year, one can virtually guarantee that all of these things will have been reported in public media somewhere.

It may be interesting to note verse 17, in light of Israel’s historical land battles with her surrounding nations.   Israel is in constant turmoil over borders.  It seems as if the Palistinian Arabs adjust what they believe their borders are on a daily basis.  Then they wonder why their lives, as a people in the region are so miserable.  They are under a curse.  Every time they go to battle with Israel to steal more land, Israel not only defends her borders, but is capable and has at times, expanded her borders in the repulsion of armies seeking to “move their neighbor’s boundries”.

As we move into Chapter 28, we start out with short listing of blessings, but incredible ones they are.  But the blessings are conditional, they involve walking in His ways, upholding and observing His Torah.  If we don’t then we fall under the cursings as previously stated and then stated again further on in Chapter 28. 

I have heard teachers in Christendom tell me that the curses here are all nailed to the cross or tree, but that the blessings remain…  Remain for what purpose?  If we are not observance Torah – ie. Studying it and putting it into action in our lives, then we are ignoring it and just doing our own thing.  In the ignoring of Torah, we don’t get the blessings.  By default there is no middle ground.  There are blessings and cursings. Period.  If your are not in the camp of blessing, then what camp are you in?

For those who do not think that the western world has fallen under a curse… Read through Chapter 28.  How many of the items listed can we find current examples of?
You may not be able to find an example of all of these things, but you will find a frighteningly high percentage.

I know of people with boils that the doctors can’t cure.  These are believing people who know the history of the Christian church, yet don’t seem to care.   I can see the plague of locust here in Texas by driving down virtually any country road.  The failing of crops is increasing.  Men take wives and become engaged yet other men sleep with them.  Other people eat the fruit of our land, while people in our own country starve.  The earth in my area is like bronze, ie very hard, in the summer.  The heat can be unbearable at times.  Diseases are becoming worse and worse so that doctors can’t even identify them all…  Yet we are considered to be blessed among the nations… How much worse is for them?  We have much here in the way of knowledge and instruction.  Yet, for all we have the most powerful teaching in our country, and possibly the world is that the Torah is not for today.  And we wonder why all these things come upon us.  With every disaster, we see a short burst of people going to the Christian churches.  But they don’t stay long, and even if they did it would make little difference, because they are rejecting Torah.  And in that rejection our nation as a whole becomes cursed.

The final command in this section we are told yet again, that if we will follow this Torah, which He gave us, we would prosper in all that we do.  1, 2 3, more? Witnesses to tell us to Observe Torah.  So let the matter be established.

Shabbat Shalom.

Netsavim “You are Standing” Debarim 29:10 – 30:20

For those seeking a circumcised heart this is an interesting section.  In verse 6 we are told that YHWH will give us a circumcised heart.  Jewish literature refers to this section as Moshe giving us a “New Covenant”.  What is meant by this is that it is another covenant, or an additional covenant.  The covenants in scripture build on one another, so that one does not destroy the other.   If one covenant replaced another covenant, then our Elohim would have lied to us.  He said in each of these covenants that they are forever and ever, throughout all your generations…  So, if a covenant is destroyed then we cannot take YHWH at His word.  Since this is NOT possible, then the interpretation that leads one to believe that a covenant is done away must instead be a false doctrine, for each covenant builds upon the previous.  They refine us in to a closer relationship with Elohim.

We are told that the Torah is not too hard to do.  Is HaShem a deceiver?  Did He tell us that we could do this, when we really couldn’t?  One of the things Yahshua did was to demonstrate that the Torah could be kept in its perfection, that it wasn’t too far off.  A parable on this is found in The Midrash Says by Moche Weissman 1985 pp 324-325:

A fool enters the Beis Hamidrash.  Notice the other Jews studying with ferver, he inquires, “How does one become proficient in Torah?” He is told, “After learning the Alef-Bet one progresses to scripture, and from there to the prophets, and finally to Mishna and Gemara.”

The fool thinks,:How can I ever master all that?”  He gives up before he begins.

The wise person, though, acts like the sharper of two men who notice a loaf of bread dangling from a string that is suspended from the ceiling.  One commented, ”Look, it’s so high up that we could never get it down.”  The other thought, “Someone obviously hung it there! There must be a way of getting it down.”  He brought ladders and rods and fished for the bread until he finally pulled it down.
Similarly, the wise person says, “Let me learn some Torah today, some more tomorrow, and a new portion each day until I eventually master it.”

We are warned that at a future time Israel would depart from YHWH and that we would serve other gods.  And so we have for the most part.  In our departure from Torah, we have come to serve other gods.  We, as a western culture, serve them in our religious customs from whence they originated.  We are warned that doing as the pagans around us do to their gods to YHWH will not be accepted.  It doesn’t matter how good it feels.  It doesn’t matter how much fun it is.  It doesn’t matter how many others are doing it.  It doesn’t matter that Billy said it was O.K.  Some have told me they do it for the kids, that it promotes a strong family atmosphere, or that it is not all that important and that there are far more important things to worry about.  Really?  I think they need to read Ezekiel chapters 8 & 9, which plainly describe the Easter practices as defined by the Roman Catholic Church and practiced by her daughters, the protestant churches.  You will see the cause and effect at Messiah’s coming of these practices.

When the curses reach their height we are told that we would do Teshuva and be returned to the land from where ever it is we have been dispersed to.  Even unto the furthest reaches under heaven.  This is perhaps the first inkling that before teshuva as a nation will occur, we will be traveling into space.  And by the phrasing some may not come back right away.

We are finally promised that we have life and death set before us on that day. We are told to choose life, so that we may live.  If we reject Torah, we choose death.  If we accept and seek after it,, we choose life.  Blessings and cursings.  Life and Death. So choose life and live

Blessings in the name of Messiah, Shabbat Shalom.

VaYelekh “And he went Devarim 31:1-30

In verse 3 we find an interesting little item.  Here YHWH has said that He is going over the Jordan BEFORE Yisrael.  Also, He states that Jehoshua is going before Yisrael.  The reference is almost certainly a poetic parallelism.  We see the ideas presented as:

3. YHWH your Eloah, he will go over before you, and he will destroy these nations from before you, and you shall possess them;

and then again as:

and Joshua{Yehoshua}, he shall go over before you, as the YHWH has said:
4. And YHWH shall do to them as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and to the land of them, whom he destroyed:
5. And YHWH shall give them up before your face, that you may do to them according to all the commandments which I have commanded you:

We can see by the way He organized the wording that in the context YHWH is referring to Himself in both places, as Yehoshua ben Nun is referenced specifically later.  A parallel is drawn then as a Messianic reference to the manifestation of YHWH as Yeshua (Salvation).  In future prophecy, Yeshua(Salvation) becomes the leader of Yisrael and leads her in the Olam Haba.

Yehoshua is told not to be afraid nor be discouraged.  In this, he is warned that Yisrael may not always do what is correct, nor would they always win in battle, because of her disobedience.  He is told that YHWH would protect them and lead them.

We are then given the warning to do ALL the words of YHWH‘s Torah.  We are instructed to read them every seven years at Succoth.  Not just Yisrael is to hear and do, but even the sojourner that is within their gates is to hear and do.  This seems to be a recurring theme in Debarim.  Learn and obey:Life and Death:Blessing and Cursing.

YHWH then warns Yehoshua of Moshe’s impending death, and that Yisrael would certainly go after other “gods”.   He also warned that in the day that they do it, His wrath would be against them and that He would hide His face from them. 

You know, sometimes in this era, many people wonder why their prayers are not heard.  Why, if there is a “god” would He let these atrocities occur?  Why, Why , Why???

Well the answer is write there in scripture, the very scripture that the writers of the Ketivim Netzarim (new Testament) taught from, the very scripture that Rabbi’s have taught from for centuries, the very scripture we should be teaching from today as the basis of our beliefs: The Tanakh!

Our instruction is there.  We are warned that YHWH will “hide His face” from us if we do not learn and guard to do all the words of Torah, which He has given us.  Now, there may be some discrepancies among us as to how we should carry out each specific instruction, but to not perform them is like telling Him that we don’t care if He listens.  And then we wonder why He doesn’t.

I had a friend in high school who was essentially agnostic.  He would say, “God has never done anything for me, why should I believe in Him?”.  The reverse would be far closer to the truth: If you do nothing for Him, If you question His existence, If you ignore Him, why should He do anything for you?

Even today, when we are in distress, we tend to run to prayer seeking relief from whatever persecution or trial we are under.  Most of the time we have placed ourselves outside of His protection when these things occur.  Of course, time and chance happen to everyone, and sometimes, bad things occur which there is no control over.

We are supposed to remember that there are reasons for not being blessed and for being cursed.  We are supposed to repent, and turn back to YHWH to observe and obey His instruction.

Most of Christendom does not even know how to repent, having rejected Torah.  Without knowing about and accepting Torah as a way of life prescribed by YHWH , how does one repent?  Repent of what?  Being a nice or not nice person?  The scripture has many righteous individuals in it who, by our standards today, would be considered not nice persons.  So the only standard given to us that we are to judge ourselves by is the Torah which YHWH gave to us almost 6000 years ago.  When we repent, we need to turn back to that Torah.  If we expect YHWH to hear us when we cry out, we had better be doing, or trying to do what He instructed us to do.

Before the Song of Moshe is given. There are three witnesses set against the people.  These three witnesses are the written Torah, which was placed beside the Ark of the Covenant, the Heavens, and the Earth.  So if one thinks that he does anything in secret, he is wrong for these three witnesses see him in secret and report his actions to YHWH. 

Shabbat Shalom